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effectually than any other that can be devised, to extricate the country from the distress it at present labors under, I most firmly believe, if it can be generally adopted.

I can see but one class of people, the merchants excepted, who will not, or ought not, to wish well to the scheme; namely, they who live genteelly and hospitably on clear estates. Such as these, were they not to consider the valuable object in view, and the good of others, might think it hard, to be curtailed in their living and enjoyments.

As to the penurious man, he would thereby save his money and his credit, having the best plea for doing that, which before, perhaps, he had the most violent struggles to refrain from doing.

The extravagant and expensive man has the same good plea, to retrench his expenses. He would be furnished with a pretext to live within bounds, and embrace it. Prudence dictated economy before, but his resolution was too weak to put it in practice. "How can I," says he, "who have lived in such and such a manner, change my method? I am ashamed to do it; and, besides, such an alteration in the system of my living, will create suspicions of the decay of my fortune; and such a thought the world must not harbor." He continues his course, till at last his estate comes to an end, a sale of it being the consequence of his perseverance in error. This, I am satis

fied, is the way, that many, who have set out in the

wrong track, have reasoned, till ruin has stared them in the face.

And in respect to the needy man, he is only left in the same situation that he was found in; better, I may say, because, as he judges from comparison, his condition is amended, in proportion as it approaches nearer to those above him.

I think the scheme a good one.

1. WAR.

If the title of GREAT MAN ought to be reserved for him who cannot be charged with an indiscretion or a vice, who spent his life in establishing the independence, the glory, and durable prosperity of his country; who succeeded in all that he undertook, and whose successes were never won at the expense of honor, justice, integrity, or by the sacrifice of a single princiole,-this title will not be denied to Washington. JARED SPARKS.

THE PATRIOT'S ALTERNATIVE.

Unhappy it is, to reflect, that a brother's sword has been sheathed in a brother's breast, and that the once happy and peaceful plains of America are either to be drenched with blood, or inhabited by slaves.

Sad alternative ! But can a virtuous man hesitate in his choice?

1775.

THE SPIRIT OF "76.

The hour is fast approaching, on which the honor and success of the army, and the safety of our bleeding country, will depend. Remember, Officers and Soldiers, that you are freemen, fighting for the blessings of liberty; that slavery will be your portion and that of your posterity, if you do not acquit yourselves like men.

Remember, how your courage and spirit have been despised and traduced by your cruel invaders; though they have found, by dear experience, at Boston, Charlestown, and other places, what a few brave men, contending in their own land and in the best of causes, can do against hirelings and mercenaries.

Be cool, but determined. Do not fire, at a distance; but wait for orders from your Officers.

It is the General's express orders, that, if any man attempt to skulk, lie down, or retreat without orders, he be instantly shot down, as an example. He hopes, no such will be found in this army; but, on the contrary, that every one, for himself resolving to conquer or die, and trusting in the smiles of Heaven upon so just a cause, will behave with bravery and resolution.

Those who are distinguished for their gallantry

and good conduct, may depend upon being honorably noticed and suitably rewarded; and if this army will but emulate and imitate their brave countrymen in other parts of America, he has no doubt they will, by a glorious victory, save their country, and acquire to themselves immortal honor.

1776.

MILITARY INFLUENCE OF CONGRESS.

If I may be allowed to speak figuratively, our Assemblies, in politics, are to be compared to the wheels of a clock, in mechanics. The whole, for the general purposes of war, should be set in motion by the great wheel, Congress; and, if all will do their parts, the machine will work easily; but a failure in one disorders the whole. Without the large one, which sets the whole in motion, nothing can be done. It is the united wisdom and exertions of the whole in Congress, that we are to depend upon. Without this, we are no better than a rope of sand, and as easily broken asunder.

1782.

2. THE ARMY.

To you, my dear General, the Patriarch and Generalissimo of universal liberty, I shall render exact accounts of the conduct of your Deputy and Aid in that great LAFAYETTE, March 7, 1791.

cause.

It is to warriors alone that it belongs, to designate the place which Washington shall occupy among famous captains. His successes appear to have more of solidity than of eclat, and judgment predominates rather than enthusiasm, in the manner of his command and his warfare. FONTANES, 1800.

Patient, watchful, provoked into no rashness, frightened into no delay, cautious in his approach, bold and desperate in bis onset, calm and collected in retreat, he moves at the head of his brave, but ill-furnished and distracted army, like a pillar of fire. J. T. HEADLEY.

THE SOLDIER'S DUTY.

With hope and confidence, the General most earnestly exhorts every Officer and Soldier, to pay the utmost attention to his arms and health; to have the former in the best order for action, and, by cleanliness and care, to preserve the latter; to be exact in discipline, obedient to superiors, and vigilant on duty.

With such preparation, and a suitable spirit, there can be no doubt but, by the blessing of Heaven, we shall repel our cruel invaders, preserve our country, and gain the greatest honor.

The General hopes, that every man's mind and arms will be prepared for action, and, when called to it, show our enemies and the whole world, that free

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