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amounts for the Ordinary and Corporation Membership Committees, as above set forth.

Prospects for revenue for the coming year are:

705 members at $1..

142 Contributing Members at $5. .
2 Sustaining Members at $20..

$705.00

710.00

40.00

$1455.00

About 50 new members have been elected whose dues will apply only to the year 1921. The above does not include any allowance for additional life memberships, etc. On the other hand, there were considerable contributions for organization, and some memberships paying more than the required dues on that account for the first year, a source of revenue which will not be available hereafter.

In view of the importance of a successful financial program to the welfare of the Society, and by the request of the Secretary sometime since, the following is suggested as a budget for which funds should be provided during the coming year:

Printing and mailing of BULLETIN, list of memberships, and

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Of course this budget cannot be adopted until the necessary revenue is available. It seems to me to clearly point to the necessity of active measures to secure greater revenue, and I am taking the liberty of making the following suggestions: (1) Secure advertising for the BULLETIN.

(2) Increase in membership dues to a minimum of $3, but leaving the fee for Contributing Members as it now is, not including, however, the Monthly Weather Review, or increasing it to $10.00 with the Review, or making the fixed fee for Fellows $10 per year.

(3) Establishing a minimum of $20 for Corporation memberships per annum. (4) Fixing the price of the BULLETIN to non-members of $3 per year. As Chairman of the Committee on Corporation Membership, the Treasurer desires to say that out of a list of some 800 prospects which are considered good, it appears probable that a minimum of 20 or 30 and a possible maximum of 50 to 75 corporation memberships can be obtained. This will be relatively expensive work, and a large revenue therefrom cannot be anticipated to meet the coming year's expenses.

With reference to suggested items for expenses of Secretary and Editor, and of Treasurer, the Treasurer can speak only for himself. It is a fact that the handling of nearly 1000 accounts, including memberships which have been

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stricken from the list for non-payment of dues, involves nearly if not quite as much work for items of $1 each as for items of $2, $5, $10 or $100 each-in fact, it may involve more work, because there are abundant indications of a larger degree of carelessness of members in failing to enclose their remittance with their return fee slips in the case of $1 members than of any other. During the past year, the clerical work in the Treasurer's Office has been handled by an Assistant at odd times, without charge to the Society. Experience shows that this is not an efficient procedure. These matters should be attended to daily as they come into the office. In view of the fact that the time which has been involved in handling membership lists, in correspondence, duplicate notices, calling members' attention to errors in their payments, omissions of remittances-sometimes twice or three times repeated on the part of the same member-changes of address and the like-have involved clerical work which is costing the Treasurer certainly more than $100 during the past year, and which he does not feel that he can carry farther on his own account.

The Treasurer is aware of the burdens falling on the shoulders of some of the most worthy members of the Society, making it difficult for them to pay increased dues. While merely desiring to suggest, rather than to dictate, it would seem that in suitable cases, to be determined by the Council, it would be better to remit payment of dues where such action is abundantly justified, and increase the dues to the membership at large. At least from the standpoint of revenue, 700 memberships at $3 each, with 50 having their dues remitted, is a better proposition than 750 memberships at $1 each.

The Treasurer does not consider the policy of including a subscription to the Monthly Weather Review in the annual dues for Contributing Memberships should be continued: first, because of the urgent need for increased revenue, and second: because of practical difficulties. It is found that not a few of the contributing members who ask for the Review in return for their payment of $5 are already subscribers for the Monthly Weather Review. In practically every instance where money has been sent to the Government Printing Office for payment of many Monthly Weather Review subscriptions for contributing members, rebates and corrections involving tedious correspondence and interference with the orderly keeping of the books, have been involved, for one reason or another, but principally because it is invariably found that some of those for whom subscriptions are sent in from the date of their election, are found to have unexpired subscriptions to the Review outstanding. The Society does not profit directly by handling these subscriptions, and it appears to the Treasurer better to let the contributing members handle their own subscriptions to the Monthly Weather Review.

Respectfully submitted,

Robert E. Horton, Treasurer.

In view of the unavoidable absence of the Treasurer, Messrs. Todd and Cassidy, of Albany, were appointed auditors to examine the Treasurer's books and report at a later date.

The reports of the Membership and Corporation Membership Committees were then read by the Secretary.

Report of the Membership Committee.

During the first year of the life of the Society, 1059 were elected to membership or fellowship. Of this number 4 died, 20 resigned, 75 qualified as fellows, 828 qualified as members, and 132 were still in the process of becoming fellows or members at the close of the year.

The inflow of new members, which averaged more than one a day throughout the year, was maintained by such means as follow: (1) Personal solicitation by members; (2) the sending out of sample copies of the BULLETIN and some letters to possible prospective members; (3) advertising the society by publishing notes in such magazines as Science, Scientific American, Ecology, Geographical Review, Journal of Geography, Journal of Education, Monthly Weather Review, and in newspapers in various parts of the country.

All such efforts have been successful, judging by the proportion of responses. The chief limiting factor is the chairman's inability to devote more time to this matter of securing more members. There are now on file the names of about 1000 possible future members, 200 of whom would probably wish to join if they knew there was an American Meteorological Society. These will be solicited as soon as circumstances permit.

Since the effectiveness of the Society depends on its membership, those now in the Society should do what they can to get new members. This seems to be the quickest and easiest way to make the Society grow by the addition of people who are most likely to take an interest in its aims.

The list of members and fellows is now in the hands of the printer. Can we make this list twice as long by the end of our second year? The collective efforts of a thousand members should be able to do it readily.-Charles F. Brooks, Chair

man.

Report of the Committee on Corporation Membership.

Upon the organization of this Committee, comprising Edward H. Bowie, Chas. F. Brooks, and the Chairman, steps were taken to obtain a list of the most favorable prospects for Corporation Memberships.

The most willing and enthusiastic coöperation was obtained from the membership of the Society in general, and as a result, a list of what are apparently the best available prospects for Corporation Membership, comprising 800 names, was obtained, and card indexed under nine different classifications, according to their special interests in meteorology, accompanied by notes as to the source of the information, the personnel of the organization, and other information likely to be most useful in securing Corporation Memberships.

The Committee has drafted a pro forma letter to be submitted to members of the classified list falling in the different subdivisions, and is prepared at an early date to take up actively the matter of securing Corporation Memberships, but desires before doing so that the minimum annual dues of such memberships shall be definitely fixed by the Society.

A very small number of Corporation Memberships have already been offered to the Committee on a $20 per annum basis, but have not yet been formally accepted, on account of uncertainty as to dues.-Robert E. Horton, Chairman.

The report of the Committee on Research being called for, the Chairman, Professor C. F. Marvin, presented it in person:

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Report of the Committee on Research.

Owing to the wide separation of a number of its members, the Committee was not able to hold any special meetings, and its members have been requested to contribute notes and suggestions concerning research questions which might be appropriate for publication in the BULLETIN. Material of this sort which has become available has been published in the BULLETIN, and it is hoped more consequential contributions may be secured in the future.-C. F. Marvin, Chairman.

This report brought out some discussion as to the need for consultations between those engaging in research in physical meteorology. Dr. W. J. Humphreys gave an instance of the reported work of a physicist concerning the absorption by water vapor of radiation emitted by objects of different temperature, in which the investigator forgot to allow for the radiation of heat from water vapor itself, or to adjust the sensitivity of his apparatus to the shortness of the absorbing columns, and thus arrived at what are probably erroneous conclusions. Dr. Humphreys also indicated how another physicist who is doing the finest work in photographing sounds will probably find the meteorologist of aid in studying up thunderstorm sounds. Professor H. J. Cox inquired why the Society was affiliated with Section B, Physics, in the American Association for the Advancement of Science rather than with Section E, Geology and Geography, and indicated that we should keep in close contact with geographers here as well as with physicists. The reply of Dr. Humphreys and the Secretary to this was, that it does not make much difference with which particular section we are technically affiliated as long as we arrange for joint meetings with physicists and geographers whenever possible.

The reports of the Seal Committee and of those on Hydrological Meteorology and Commercial Meteorology were then read:

Report of the Seal Committee.

The seal designed by Lieut. C. N. Keyser, U. S. N., was approved by the committee after slight modifications and was put before the Society for adoption or rejection.

Although the question of a button for the Society was placed before the committee, no action was taken, for the reason that there seemed to be but little demand for one, and that even if 500 were made the cost would be about 45 cents each, nearly half the amount of the annual dues of the Society.-Charles F. Brooks, Chairman.

Report of Committee on Hydrological Meteorology.

This Committee has little to report beyond what has appeared in the course of the year in the BULLETIN.

Among the more important events, it may be noted that the Chairman was requested during the year to outline problems and equipment for a possible Forest Meteorological Station, devoting particular attention to problems of hydrological meteorology, but nothing can be stated at this time as regards the possible disposition of the matter.

An increased, or awakening interest in this subject is evidenced by the ap

pointment of a Committee by the New England Water Works Association to undertake a broad study of water losses from drainage basins in New England and New York, basing their studies on existing meteorological and stream flow records. The majority of the membership of the Committee referred to are members or fellows of the American Meteorological Society.-Robert E. Horton, Chairman.

Report of Committee on Commercial Meteorology.

Two statements by this committee have appeared in the BULLETIN of the Society; one by the Chairman outlining the possible field of the committee, printed in the February, 1920, number, and the second by Mr. H. W. Richardson, with reference to the relation between the forecaster and transportation interests. (June number.)

Other members of the committee have been invited to prepare statements for publication, but thus far they have not responded. However, it is now expected that through the merging of the two committees,-the ones on Commercial Meteorology and on Business Meteorology,-greater activity will be shown.-H. J. Cox, Chairman.

The chairmen of the committees on Meteorological Instruction, Public Information, Physiological Meteorology, Agricultural Meteorology, Marine Meteorology, Aeronautical Meterology, and Business Meteorology unfortunately could not be present, and their reports had not been received up to the time of the meeting. They are as follows:

Report of Committee on Meteorological Instruction.

Your Committee on Meteorological Instruction respectfully submits the following report:

A tentative program of work was outlined by the chairman early in the year and submitted to the members of the committee for suggestions.

It was at once obvious that the first thing to be undertaken was to gain information as to the general status of meteorological instruction; first, in the primary and secondary schools, and second, in the colleges and universities.

While investigation along the lines indicated is far from complete, enough has been done to disclose the main fact that meteorological instruction occupies a place in our general educational scheme not at all commensurate with its importance as a part of a liberal education, nor in keeping with its economic value.

It is, however, encouraging to note that the need for meteorological instruction is generally recognized; that the subject has been assigned a definite place, usually under the head of nature study, in the program of primary education of several of the States; and that it is continued, if somewhat inadequately, through the grade and high schools, usually in connection with physiography.

The time that can be devoted to the subject in secondary schools, in view of the press of other subjects particularly those regarded as having more immediate economic value, is no more than sufficient to give the most rudimentary knowledge of the subject. It is, however, sufficient for that, when presented by a teacher having adequate preparation.

That adequate preparation for teaching the subject in many cases is lacking may be admitted, and in this the responsibility does not appear to rest entirely

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